Update of the list of QPS- recommended biological agents intentionally added to food or feed
The list of micro-organisms was updated with 47 biological agents, received between October 2018 and March 2019 (published on July 15, 2019). Of these, 19 already had QPS status, 20 were excluded from the QPS exercise by the previous QPS mandate (11 filamentous fungi) or from subsequent evaluations under the current mandate (9 notifications of Escherichia coli). Sphingomonas elodea, Gluconobacter frateurii, Corynebacterium ammoniagenes, Corynebacterium casei, Burkholderia ubonensis, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Microbacterium foliorum and Euglena gracilis were evaluated for the first time. Sphingomonas elodea can not be evaluated for possible QPS recommendation as it is not a valid species. Corynebacterium ammoniagenes and Euglena gracilis may be recommended for the QPS list with the qualification “for production purposes only”. The following UTs can not be recommended for the QPS list: Burkholderia ubonensis, because of its potential and proven ability to generate biologically active compounds and its body of knowledge; Corynebacterium casei, Gluconobacter frateurii and Microbacterium foliorum, due to lack of knowledge; Phaeodactylum tricornutum, due to the lack of a history of safe use in the food chain and limited knowledge of its potential production of bioactive compounds that could lead to toxic effects.
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